Housing starts are an economic indicator that reflect the number of residential housing projects that have been started over a specific length of time. These data are divided into 3 types: single-family houses, townhouses or small condos and apartment buildings with 5 or more units.
October monthly housing starts key highlights
- The trend in housing starts was 256,280 units in October 2023, up 1% from 253,957 units in September.
- The trend measure is a 6-month moving average of the monthly seasonally adjusted annual rate (SAAR) of total housing starts for all areas in Canada.
- Total SAAR housing starts were down 43% in Montréal and 24% in Toronto in October.
- Vancouver recorded an increase of 35%, driven by a 40% increase in multi-unit starts.
October Standalone Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate (SAAR)
- The standalone monthly SAAR of total housing starts for all areas in Canada in October was 274,681 units, an increase of 1% from September.
- The SAAR of total urban starts increased by 2% in October to 257,357 units.
- Multi-unit urban starts increased by 1% to 209,887 units in October.
- Single-detached urban starts increased by 9% to 47,470 units.
- Rural starts were estimated at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 17,324 units.
- Document Type:
- Date Published:
- November 16, 2023
Our Monthly Housing Starts and Other Construction data tables are issued on the 11th working day of the month. Exact release dates can be found in our Reports Calendar.
You can also view this data on our Housing Market Information Portal.
About Monthly Housing Starts and Construction Data
A housing start is defined as the beginning of construction work on the building where the dwelling unit will be located. This can be described in 2 ways:
- The stage when the concrete has been poured for the whole of the footing around the structure.
- An equivalent stage where a basement will not be part of the structure.
Housing starts statistics are organized to facilitate an analysis of monthly, quarterly and year-over-year changes. Actual and seasonally-adjusted housing starts data are presented separately. Select under construction and absorption data are also included.
Housing starts, construction and absorption data are used to gain insight into the level of activity and supply conditions in the new home market.
Actual and seasonally adjusted housing starts data are presented separately by region, province, Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) and dwelling type. Select data on under construction and absorption are also included.
These monthly housing data tables reflect:
- current statistics
- new home starts
- construction activity
Data source: CMHC Starts and Completions Survey and Market Absorption Survey.
About the Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate (SAAR)
The SAAR allows you to compare monthly levels to annual levels for different months of the year. It also gives you a sense of the relative strength of monthly activity.
The time of year can be a factor when collecting data. We calculate the SAAR by:
- Using a rate adjustment to remove the data’s seasonal variations.
- Multiplying the seasonally adjusted level of starts by 12 to obtain the Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate (SAAR) of housing starts.