Landlord and Tenant Responsibilities

At the beginning of a landlord-tenant relationship, both parties should understand their basic rights and responsibilities and you should communicate your expectations to each other. Once your landlord screens, finds and accepts your application, the relationship starts. When you sign the lease and/or pay the rent, the legal contract to move in activates. If either of you breaks the rental agreement at this point, compensation may be in order for the wronged person.

Sometimes situations arise that require the attention of both you and your landlord. You need to rely on one another to ensure emergencies, repairs and even complaints are handled in a timely manner. A good relationship where both of you respect the rights of the other facilitates problem solving. Difficult landlord-tenant relationships can require mediation or costly legal intervention to settle conflicts.

In all provinces, landlords are legally obliged to ensure that the rental unit complies with the rules and regulations pertaining to minimum health, safety, housing and maintenance standards. Before a landlord rents a property, it must meet municipal property standards, zoning bylaws, fire safety regulations and local building codes. The premises should have met the acceptable standards when you rented them and it is your landlord's responsibility to ensure that they do not deteriorate below these standards.

Landlords must... Tenants must...
Maintain the tenant's home in a good state of repair and fit for habitation and at the landlord's expense comply with health, safety, housing and maintenance standards.

Not withhold, during a tenant's occupancy, a reasonable supply of fuel, electricity, hot and cold water and other utility services (cable, Internet) unless the tenant has agreed to obtain and pay for these services.

Not interfere with the reasonable enjoyment of the premises by the tenant and the members of his or her household and guests.

Not seize, without legal process, a tenant's property for rent default or for the breach of any other obligation of the tenant.

Not harass, obstruct, coerce, threaten or interfere with the tenant.

Pay the rent on time.

Behave well, clean the rental premises, repair damage caused by a wilful or negligent act of the tenant or a person whom the tenant permits on the premises.

Not harass, obstruct, coerce, threaten or interfere with the landlord.

Contact the landlord as soon as possible when a serious problem arises involving repairs or services.

Permit entry (with proper notice) for repairs or showing of premises for next tenant or purchaser.

---» Issues During the Tenancy



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