Emergencies and Repairs
What if water suddenly starts leaking through your roof or the furnace breaks down in the middle of a cold winter night? Call the landlord!
Emergencies often cause a panicked reaction and if the landlord is not instantly available, tenants might react hastily. Before going ahead and ordering major repairs, you must understand what constitutes emergency repairs and which situations warrant action on their part.
NoteInsure Against Surprises
If a your belongings are damaged or destroyed because of a problem in the residence, such as a leaking roof, normally you, not your landlord, will be liable for the replacement of your damaged belongings. For full protection against these situations, you should carry your own rental unit contents insurance.
What are Emergency Repairs?
An emergency repair is required when something in the rental unit has broken and the health or safety of the tenant is in danger or the building or property is at risk until repairs can be made. By law, your landlord should handle and pay for emergency repairs.
What if I cannot Reach my Landlord?
You should try to contact the landlord or the emergency contact at least twice; leave a message if no one answers; record the date and time of the calls, faxes, or e-mails and allow a reasonable amount of time for them to respond.
In some situations, repairs must be performed immediately to reduce personal risk or property damage. If you are unable to reach the landlord, you can authorize the repair work yourself. Repairs can also be authorized by an order from the rental authority in your province or territory.
Some provinces require that emergency contact information be posted in a visible place in the building. The emergency contact can be the landlord and/or another person.
If you are authorizing an emergency repair because a landlord is unavailable, you should keep all paperwork related to the incident. Ask the repair worker to bill the landlord directly for the emergency. If repairs must be paid upon completion, you should keep track of expenses, notify the landlord and ask for reimbursement.
If your landlord can be contacted before the repairs are completed, your landlord may choose to take over the repairs and pay for work done up to that point. Alternatively, your landlord may let the repairs continue, choosing to reimburse you for the full cost once repairs are completed.
Avoid paying for anything that is not a true emergency, because your landlord could refuse to repay your expenses. Use this chart to gauge whether a repair is an emergency putting you at risk or something you can live with for a few days.
Although not emergencies, you should notify your landlord during office hours as soon as possible.
- Broken pipe(s) are flooding the premises.
- The heating system is not functioning when it is cold outside.
- The sewage system is backing up into the premises.
- A defective lock lets anyone enter the premises without a key.
- A short circuit in the wiring is creating a risk of fire and/or electrocution.
- The refrigerator supplied by the landlord is not working.
- An interior door doesn't close properly.
- A stove element is burnt out.
- The kitchen sink has a slow drain.
- There is a minor leak in the roof.
- There is a minor leak or dripping in household plumbing.
- A garage door opener is not working, but manual access is still available.
- There is a cracked pane in an upper window.