Governing or Regulatory Body
Name of Act / Regulations
Types of Housing/Living Arrangements Covered by the Territorial Legislation
- All residential rental premises
- Hotels, motels, tourist homes, hostels and temporary shelters
- Co-op housing (unless rented out to a person who is NOT a co-op member)
- Living quarters rented to hospital staff and their families, either on a seasonal or a shared basis, or to staff and students of schools on such a basis
- Living quarters located in business premises and occupied by an employee or contractor, for the purpose of serving the business
- Living quarters attached to a rented business space and rented to the tenant under a single tenancy agreement covering both the business space and living quarters
- Living accommodation occupied by a person for penal, correctional, rehabilitative or therapeutic purposes or for the purpose of receiving care
Special rules apply to:
- Subsidized public housing units — operating under the NWT Housing Corporation and its agents (see “Public Housing in the Northwest Territories”)
- Premises that are the only home of the landlord in the NWT
- Premises provided by an employer as a benefit of employment
Public Housing in the Northwest Territories
In the Northwest Territories (NWT) 53% of rental housing is found in the private market and the remaining 47% comprises subsidized public housing (low-cost, low-income housing). In some NWT communities, public housing comprises the majority of the rental market, with a minimal private rental market. Subsidized Public Housing is exempt from some sections of the Residential Tenancies Act. Local Housing Organizations, Authorities and Associations administer Public Housing, following guidelines established by the NWT Housing Corporation. The rent in public housing is determined by the household income of the family. The public must contact the individual organizations to confirm availability and eligibility requirements.
Types of Rental Periods
Tenancy agreements can be periodic (week-to-week or month-to-month) or fixed term (the tenancy will end on a specified date).
Is a signed lease required?
No. A tenancy agreement may be written, verbal or implied. A written tenancy agreement is recommended, but the law does not require it. Most landlords use written agreements. An approved tenancy agreement is included in the regulations.
Is a signed move in/move out condition report required?
Yes. Inspection reports must be completed at the beginning and the end of a tenancy agreement and the tenant must be given an opportunity to participate in the inspection. A copy of each inspection report must be provided to the tenant. If the required inspection reports are not completed, the landlord forfeits the right to deduct any repair costs from the security deposit or pet deposit at the end of the tenancy agreement.
The equivalent of one month's rent unless the premises are rented on a weekly basis, then the amount of the security deposit may not be greater than the value of one week's rent. Landlords of subsidized housing may use the true market value of the rent to calculate the security deposit.
Note: If the tenancy is for more than week-to-week, the tenant may pay half the security deposit when the tenant moves in and the remainder within three months.
An additional pet deposit not to exceed 50% of the monthly rent may be required if the landlord permits the tenant to keep a pet on the premises.
The landlord shall, within 10 days after the tenant vacates the rental premises:
- return the security deposit and pet deposit to the tenant with interest (interest on the security deposits is calculated in accordance with the regulations) and
- give the tenant an itemized statement of account for any part of the security deposit that is being retained by the landlord.
A landlord can retain all or part of the security deposit for repairs of damage caused by a tenant to the rental premises and for any arrears of the rent.
Requiring any deposit other than a security or pet deposit is prohibited.
Landlords may request post-dated cheques, but tenants are not obliged to comply.
Renewal of a Lease Term
When a tenancy agreement ends on a specific date, the landlord and tenant shall be deemed to renew the tenancy agreement on that date as a monthly tenancy, unless they decide to enter into a new term agreement or the tenancy agreement is terminated
Exceptions: Automatic renewal does not apply to public housing tenancy agreements made for a term of 31 days or less, tenancy agreements for housing provided as a benefit of employment, or tenancy agreements where the landlord is renting their only residence in the NWT.
Terminating a Tenancy (Lease): Notice and Timing
Tenants may end a tenancy agreement by giving written notice to the landlord. The length of notice depends on the type of tenancy agreement.
- Only subsidized public housing landlords or landlords who have rented their only residence in the NWT are permitted to end a tenancy agreement with notice, except for cause.
- Notice must be in writing, name the rental premises, state the date the tenancy agreement is to end and be signed.
- Notices from landlords must also state a reason for the termination
|Notice given by
A tenant may apply to a rental officer for an order to terminate a tenancy at any time if family violence as defined in the Protection Against Family Violence Act has occurred. The tenancy will terminate 30 days after the order is served on the landlord.
||Written notice to terminate on the last day of a month at least 30 days before that date.
||Written notice to terminate on the last day of a week at least 7 days before that date.
||Written notice to terminate on the last day of a term at least 30 days before that date.
|Landlord who has rented his/her only residence in the NWT
||Written notice to terminate on the last day of a rent period at least 90 days before that date.
||Written notice to terminate at the end of the term at least 30 days before that date.
|Subsidized Public Housing Landlord
||Written notice to terminate on the last day of a rent period at least 30 days before that date.
||Written notice to terminate at the end of the term at least 30 days before that date.
|Term of 31 days or less
||No notice required. The tenancy agreement is terminated at the end of the term.
|Landlord: Premises are provided by the landlord as a benefit of employment
||Term or periodic
||No notice required. The tenancy agreement is terminated when the employment agreement is terminated.
|Landlord: Termination for cause
Cause is limited to:
- Repeatedly and unreasonably disturbing the peace of the landlord or other resident of a residential complex
- Damage to a residence or rental complex that is not corrected when ordered by a rental officer
- Noncompliance with an order of a rental officer to correct a breach of a tenancy agreement
- Frustration of a tenancy agreement
- Impairment of the safety of the landlord or other resident of a residential complex
- Repeated failure to pay the full amount of rent on the date specified in a tenancy agreement
|Term or periodic
||At least 10 days, or three months in the case of rental premises on which a mobile home is situated. A tenancy agreement for premises on which a mobile home is situated may not be terminated in December, January or February.
A landlord may apply to a rental officer for an order reducing the time of the notice period.
Assignments and Sublets
Tenants may sublet their premises if the landlord consents. If the landlord refuses consent, the tenant may appeal to and obtain permission from the Rental Officer. When a tenant sublets, the tenant remains responsible to the landlord for rent and for any breaches of the tenancy agreement committed by the sub-tenant.
Tenants can assign their tenancy with the landlord's consent. If the landlord refuses consent, the tenant may appeal to and obtain permission from the Rental Officer. When a tenancy is assigned, the former tenant transfers all of his or her rights and duties to the new tenant. Landlords are allowed to charge for granting consent to an assignment or sublease, up to a maximum of $50.00.
Assignments or subletting agreements and the landlord's consent must be in writing. Agreements must be signed by the tenant and sub-tenant and attached to a copy of the written tenancy agreement.
Tenants in Public Housing and Staff Housing units cannot sublet or assign their units.
Rent Increases: Notice and Timing
A landlord may not increase the rent more than once every 12 months. The landlord must give at least 3 month's written notice of the increase. A tenant who receives a proper notice of rent increase may treat the notice as a notice to terminate the tenancy. To terminate the tenancy, the tenant must inform the landlord in writing of his or her decision to vacate. The landlord may re-rent the premises, but must keep the rent for the new tenant at the same level stated in the notice.
Late Rent Payments
A tenant who pays his/her rent later than the dates specified by the tenancy agreement is subject to a penalty. The penalty must not exceed $5 plus $1 for each day after the due date that the rent is late, to a maximum of $65.
If the tenant does not leave after a tenancy agreement has been terminated in accordance with the Act, the landlord must obtain an eviction order from a rental officer. If an eviction order is granted, a "writ of possession" from the NWT Supreme Court Clerk is also required. The landlord delivers the Order of Eviction and the Writ to the Sheriff. The Sheriff first must make a reasonable demand to be let into the premises, but then may force open the door to the premises, if necessary. Resisting the Sheriff in these circumstances can lead to criminal prosecution.
Permitting Landlord Entry to the Premises (Times and Reasons)
Landlords may enter the rental premises between 8 a.m. and 8 p.m. A landlord shall give written notice to the tenant at least 24 hours before the first time of entry, specifying the purpose of entry and the days and the hours during which the landlord intends to enter the rental premises. A tenant may specify alternative days and hours that are reasonable under the circumstances.
A landlord has the right to enter the rental premises to:
- perform the landlord's obligations under the Act and tenancy agreement;
- inspect the rental premises where the tenant has requested consent to do an assignment or subletting agreement;
- show the rental premises to prospective tenants;
- show the rental premises to prospective purchasers of the complex;
- inspect the rental premises every six months;
- permit a mortgagee or an insurer to inspect the premises where a mortgage or insurance coverage is being arranged;
- inspect the rental premises on the day the tenant vacates the premises.
A landlord has the right to enter the rental premises without giving the notice required when:
- an emergency exists;
- the tenant consents at the time of entry;
- the landlord has reasonable grounds to believe that the tenant has vacated or abandoned the rental premises.
May the tenant withhold rent for repairs?
No. Tenants may make an application to forward the rent to the Rental Officer until the dispute is rectified.
Not allowed. Locks to a rental premises can only be changed by mutual consent from the tenant and the landlord. A landlord or tenant shall not change the locks on any entrance to the residential complex in order to interfere with the other's access to the complex.
Pets and Smoking
May a landlord refuse to rent to a tenant who has pets?
The legislation applies only when a tenancy agreement is formed and does not regulate how a landlord chooses tenants. The Act does not prevent a landlord from refusing to rent on this basis.
May a landlord include a no-smoking clause in the lease?
If a no pets and no smoking clause is written into a lease and the landlord discovers that the tenant has a pet and/or smokes in the rental unit, is this grounds for the landlord to evict the tenant?
Yes, a tenant who has agreed to rent a non-smoking or no-pets unit and breaches that agreement can be evicted.
The Residential Tenancies Act came into effect February 6, 1988. To encourage out-of-court settlements, the Act established a new office and procedures. The Rental Officer is given many of the powers formerly held only by the courts. The Rental Officer provides information, mediates and acts as a judge as circumstances warrant. In cases where parties cannot reach agreement through mediation, the Rental Officer must hold a hearing. At this point in the process, the Rental Officer begins to act like a judge.
NWT Rental Office
Provides legal and other information on renting in the Northwest Territories
YK Centre East (formerly Panda II)
Toll Free: 1-800-661-0760
Northwest Territories Housing Corporation
A territorial agency that offers funding, programs, and other support addressing affordable housing issues from homelessness to home ownership
5102 – 50 Avenue
P.O. Box 2100